4 Kinds of Trout Flies & How to Use Them

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Fly fishing and all its wonders are what keeps us staying in the water.

Trout flies, for example, are an essential and exciting part of the journey. There’s a lot to choose from. However, there are four main groups of trout flies. If you’re only starting to get into the hobby, here’s what you need to know.

Dry Flies

Dry flies are named after the insects that stay afloat and drift on the water surface. Some of the most popular groups of insects in this kind of fly are terrestrial and aquatic insects. Terrestrial insects unintentionally end up in the water, whether it’s because of a breeze blowing or they’re clumsy. Aquatic insects usually end up on the water surface after hatching.

The key to dry flies is to mimic the real ones. They need to stay afloat and adrift. You’ll need a bucket of patience for the trout to come after it.


The thing about trout is it likes to eat all kinds of insects, whether they’re only developing or are already in full bloom. This is where emergers, another kind of fly comes in.

Hatching nymphs are one of the best examples of this fly. They’re vulnerable at their stage, which makes them quite the catch. These nymphs rise to the surface just before they hatch and suspend under the water surface as the adult insect hatches.

Wet Flies

These kinds of  trout flies represent the immature or under developing life stages of aquatic organisms. Some examples are nymphs of mayflies, caddis flies, dragonflies and stone flies.

These wet flies can also be used to mimic emerging nymphs. This is why it’s important to keep your flies looking like the real thing.  


Streamers are among the most popular trout flies around. They are usually fished with a tight line to mimic the active strong swimming action of these larger organisms.  

Like nymphs, you can add weight in the form of lead wire or bead heads to get the fly down to the desired depth faster and more efficiently.


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